How to draw geometric shapes on computer

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We will get through this together. Geometric art is a great way to make an aesthetic art piece, and you can do it no matter how much experience you have! You can make geometric art using Photoshop and Illustrator, or create a drawing, painting, or sculpture! Use precise measurements to keep your designs uniform and polished.

Be sure to add vibrant color to your artwork for an extra flourish. Log in Facebook Loading Google Loading Civic Loading No account yet?

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Article Edit. Learn why people trust wikiHow. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness.

Together, they cited information from 28 references. The wikiHow Video Team also followed the article's instructions and validated that they work. Learn more Drawing Geometric Art. Painting Geometric Art. Making a Basic Himmeli Geometric Sculpture. Show 1 more Show less Things You'll Need.

Related Articles. Method 1 of All rights reserved. This image may not be used by other entities without the express written consent of wikiHow, Inc. Choose a base image to work from.

Find an image or shape online, or take a photo that you want to create a geometric design from. Opt for an image that has distinct, solid-edged features that contrast softer lines. For instance, use a profile picture of a friend whose glasses, nose, and shirt collar provide solid lines in contrast to the softness of their face.Breaking any process down into small chunks is a great way to tackle what can seem like a daunting task. If you're struggling to figure out how to draw something complicated, breaking the subject down into simple shapes can help you begin to describe its overall structure.

All you need a solid grasp of how to draw a cube, cylinder and sphere, which we'll cover here. In the opening stages of a drawing, you should be looking to describe your subject and its environment in very simple terms: always avoid details too early on.

By drawing with simple shapes, we can focus on proportions, composition, planes and the relationships between forms. It's all about working big down to small; simple into complex; basic shapes into crafted details. There are three basic shape archetypes that any form can be fitted into: the cube, the cylinder and the sphere.

At the heart of these form shapes are two simple geometric shapes: the square and the ellipse. There are three basic shape archetypes that any form can be fitted into; the cube, the cylinder and the sphere. Learning to accurately draw and combine these will help you to construct any object, observed or imagined. In walking you through this process we will have to deal with concepts like perspective and foreshortening, so we'll take a very brief, practical look at them.

We'll start with drawing the square, leading onto the cube — the most articulate shape when it comes to describing geometry in a drawing that has perspective. Having six basic planar faces, the cube's proportions help to echo their relationship within 3D space. This aids further description of more complex rectilinear, cylindrical and curvilinear forms. You might think that drawing simple shapes is But don't be fooled.

It takes immense skill to perfect drawing freehand shapes like a simple circle. Drawing a basic square is the simple connection of four straight lines, two along the horizontal axis and two to describe the vertical axis.

Basic shapes

Drawing these lines is all about living in the future: pinpoint your start point; imagine the end point. Place your pencil on the start point, relax and focus on the end point. Pull your mark along the imagined path removing the pencil once it reaches the end point.

Pull your lines towards their goal: this uses more adept muscle groups. The grip shown above is one we're all accustomed to using when writing. Grip using the thumb, index and middle finger. The barrel of the pencil should rest naturally in your hand's web space.In many cases, a single shape speaks better than a thousand words. To document and explain complicated data, system or process, clear flowcharts or diagrams is one of the best ways to present them.

Requiring little skills and efforts to create high-quality professional graphics, Edraw will become your efficient assistant.

Draw or edit a freeform shape

Unlike other graphics design software that provides users with a blank screen and drawing tools and expect them to draw, Edraw users can draw from lots of standard shapes that are specifically designed to create the type of diagram they need.

Users organize the information and Edraw does the rest. Edraw includes plenty of shapes and examples for diagramming. You can download the full version and view all shapes. Learn more features of these shapes. In version 6. These smart shapes are widely applied in list shapes, process shapes, mind map shapes, circular shapes and project management shapes.

They are smarter than the office smart art shapes. The following is a simple example of changing shapes.

how to draw geometric shapes on computer

Flowcharts use special shapes to represent different types of actions or steps in a process. Lines and arrows show the sequence of the steps, and the relationships among them. Use it to create Organizational charts; visualize company Organizational chart, hospital Organizational chart, hotel Organizational chart, corporate organizational chart etc. No other Organizational chart software gives you all these benefits at such reasonable price!

how to draw geometric shapes on computer

Lines and arrows show the sequence of the steps and the relationships among them. You can use them in any document. Work flow relationships are where work is done by different departments in a fixed sequence. That means one department needs to finish its job before the work can be continued by another department. The development and maintenance of these work flow relationships is very important for managers because they are dependant on the preceding areas for his or her own work and is responsible to the managers and workers in the further stages of the chain.

UML defines nine types of diagrams: class packageobject, use case, sequence, collaboration, state chart, activity, component, and deployment. Some 3D Block shapes can be used in any document, containing 2-D geometric shapes and directional lines for feedback loops and for functional decomposition, hierarchical, data structure, data flow block, and data block diagrams.

Pre-drawn shapes representing computers, network devices plus smart connectors help create accurate diagrams and documentation. Besides, there are special libraries of great detail, accurate shapes and computer graphics, servers, hubs, switches, printers, mainframes, face plates, routers etc. Chart Types. Use Smart Shapes. Photo Organizational Chart Shapes.

Circular Diagram Shapes. Electrical Symbols. Process Flow Diagram Symbols. Process and Instrumentation Drawing Symbols. Industrial Control Systems Symbols. Diagram Shapes.In this section we will examine the techniques for making simple geometric shapes such as boxes, rectangles, triangles, polygons, and circles on the computer.

We will also see how to easily change the size and location of these shapes on the screen by using the concept of relocatability. There are some surprises, however. See Example 10, p. The first thing we notice is that this isn't a true square, that is, the sides don't look equal on the screen even though we know they are!

The obvious reason is that an increment on the X axis is not the same as an increment on the Y axis. Here is how to fix this so your shapes are perfect. Take out a ruler and measure the sides of the square. This will vary with your particular television set. Now divide Y by X to get the ratio, here 2. This ratio says that one step in Y gives about 1. Or the Y spacing is about 21 percent longer than the X spacing. The trick now is to adjust our programs by multiplying X by 1.

This is all very nice, but how do we implement the ratio correcting idea into our programs? The way to do this is to make the shape size dependent on a pair of variables. At the same time make the shape's starting location on the screen a variable also. See Example Although this program is more complicated than the one before it, notice how easy it is to move the square around or change its size. The x side is called XS and the y side is called YS.

Statement 20 multiplies XS by F, our correction factor.Keep in touch and stay productive with Teams and Officeeven when you're working remotely. You can draw shapes in Office by using the freeform Shape and Scribble tools. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click Shapes. To draw a shape that has both curved and straight segments, click Freeform.

To draw a shape that looks like it was drawn with a pen by hand, or to create smooth curves, click Scribble. Click anywhere in the document, and then drag to draw. To draw a straight segment with the Freeform tool, click one location, move your pointer to a different location, and then click again; to draw a curved segment, keep your mouse button pressed as you drag to draw. You can edit the points of most shapes. For example, you edit points when you need to lean a triangle over to the right.

Drag one of the vertexes that outline the shape. A vertex is the point, indicated by a black dot, where a curve ends or the point where two line segments meet in a freeform shape. Working with editing points. To have the point treated as a smooth point, press Shift while dragging either of the handles attached to the point.

Once you stop dragging, the point will be changed to a smooth point. A smooth point joins two line segments of equal length. To have the point treated as a straight point, press Ctrl while dragging either of the handles attached to the point. Once you stop dragging the point will be changed to a straight point. A straight point joins two line segments of different lengths.

To have the point treated as a corner point, press Alt while dragging either of the handles attached to the point. Once you stop dragging the point will be changed to a corner point.

Draw Mathematical shapes - MS WORD

A corner point joins two line segments with one segment going off in a different direction. To cancel the change to the point and line segments, press Esc before releasing the mouse button.

Click the shape that you want to delete, and then press Delete. If you want to delete multiple shapes, select the first shape, press and hold Ctrl while you select the other shapes, and then press Delete. Draw or delete a line or connector. Group or ungroup shapes, pictures, or other objects. Add a fill or effect to a shape. Learn more. Expand your Office skills. Get new features first. Was this information helpful?With the various buttons offered, the user can then create simple mathematical figures and choose a proper layout on the page.

The Drawing Toolbar exports many commands that already exist in Microsoft Word but are most of the time not easily accessible to the average user.

Other functions have also been implemented for mathematical purposes, such as creating a grid, triangles or graduated lines. Regrouping graphical objects enables to handle them as a single entity, so that this entity can be easily positioned on the document.

I remarked that only few people use the grouping functions when drawing figures, causing terrible loss of productivity when things have to get moved inside the document or between documents. Click here to popup an example of this functionality you need to have Javascript active.

It enables drawing lines, broken lines, really hand-free parts, closed and opened curves and many other things.


The first step consists in the drawing of the control points of the curve. In order to draw a straight line, you just need to click, then release the mouse. In order to draws a curve, you just need to click, then maintain the mouse button down.

In order to finish the curve, you just need to click twice at the same place this will create an opened curveor to click twice where you started drawing the curse this will create a closed curve. By default, the figure is placed over the text. Because of that, many users add newlines in the document in order for the figure to not be over the text, but this is not a nice solution. One should better use the figure positioning capabilities of Microsoft Word.

These tools enable the creation of grids and graduated lines with many user-specified parameters. By pressing the Grid button, a preference panel pops up enabling to modify the following parameters:. By pressing the XY Axis button, a preference panel pops up enabling to modify the following parameters:.

By pressing the Graduated Line button, a preference panel pops up enabling to modify the following parameters:. By pressing the Arc of Ellipse button, a preference panel pops up enabling to modify the following parameters:. Thanks to for Web Page hosting. Introduction The Drawing Toolbar.As long as we have had the ability to draw, humans have used shapes for visual communication. Although shapes are not words, and therefore have no objective semantic meaning, we have a natural understanding of how to translate the characteristics of shapes into meaning: Cave paintings created more than 30, years ago can be appreciated today without a need for translation.

In this chapter, we will look at the three basic shapes: the rectangle, the ellipse, and the triangle. First, we will analyze the characteristics of each shape, and then demonstrate how to use these basic shapes in the design process.

The rectangle is a symmetric, solid shape with parallel lines. As it does not exist much in nature, it has become the symbol for civilization itself. We build cities in rectangular grids, houses with bricks, and our interiors are rectangles too: doors, shelves, and windows. The rectangle has been used throughout the history of the arts to set up constraints for the artist. We use rectangular canvasses, and grid systems to further divide this canvas into smaller modules.

In this digital age, we use rectangular screens and operate with a square as the smallest visual denomination: the pixel. In geometry, a rectangle consists of four points connected to form a closed shape with internal angles of 90 degrees. As demonstrated below, the rectMode function can be used to change the origin point of the rectangle to the center of the shape. This can be helpful in certain situations, e. The ellipse is a smooth shape found many places in nature, in the shape of planets, raindrops, and the eyes of most animals.

With no apparent sense of direction, there is something neutral about the ellipse, and humans tend to gather in ellipses to achieve unity: We dance in circles, and design the seating of most parliaments in elliptical arrangements. In geometry, an ellipse is a closed shape that you can draw by hammering two nails in the ground, connecting them by a string, and stretching a pen through the string to draw a circular shape. Although the outline of an ellipse looks smooth to the human eye, computers actually draw ellipses as a series of short, straight, connected lines.

Unlike rectthe ellipse function will draw an ellipse with an origin point in the center of the shape.

how to draw geometric shapes on computer

As demonstrated below, the ellipseMode function can be used to change the origin point to the top left corner. Given the nature of the ellipse, this means that the origin point is located outside the outline of the shape. The triangle is an asymmetric shape, unique among the basic shapes for its directionality.

One of our most significant cultural artifacts, the Great Pyramids of Giza, are also famous depictions of the triangle, pointing towards the assumed rotational center of the sky to which the Egyptians ascribed godly qualities.

In geometry, a triangle is a closed shape consisting of three points.

how to draw geometric shapes on computer

The sum of the internal angles of the triangle will always be degrees or PI radians. The triangle has played a central role in many mathematical breakthroughs, including Euclidian geometry, trigonometry, as well as 3D computer graphics.

This also means that there is no such thing as a triangleMode function. You will need to perform your own calculations to draw a triangle around a specific origin point, which is demonstrated in the examples below.

I give my students the following somewhat silly exercise: Design an ice cream cone in black and white with only a single occurrence of each of the basic shape functions in the code. These tight constraints force the students to focus on the characteristics of the shapes, and how they can position, size, and rotate these shapes to achieve an effective design.

The most important aspect of this exercise is obviously to create a design that a majority of users will recognize as an ice cream cone. Whether or not a design accomplishes this is a rather objective task. Of the two designs below, it is clear that the first design manages to solve the assignment while the latter does not. It is also easy to analyze why: Although the shapes are almost identical between the two designs, the latter does not establish the proper visual relationships.

A second and more subjective aspect relates to the style of the design. To a certain degree, different styles fit different scenarios. If you are asked to create an icon for a website, an abstract style might be prefered, as simple designs work better in small sizes. Style can be used to serve a specific function, or it can be used purely for aesthetic qualities which can also be a function, after all. Finally, the style of a design is where the subjective preferences of the designer is apparent.

In this exercise, I often encourage my students to practice designing in different styles, as it further develops their visual language. An important ingredient in the creation of style is the use of the fillstroke and strokeWeight functions.


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