Kurmi population in up

The Congress will project more than one probable chief minister in Chhattisgarh ahead of the assembly polls in the state due later this year, party leaders familiar with the strategy said. He said Baghel is the other probable candidate. He added other prominent caste leaders like opposition leader T S Singhdeo, too, will find a place in the campaign strategy. Jogi, a tribal, left the Congress in to float his Chhattisgarh Janata Congress.

Kurmis and Sahus are mainly farmers and traders. Getting Sahu votes is crucial for the Congress. There was less than one percentage point 0. Sandeep Sahu claimed the community feels the BJP has not given them proper representation in the state government and the party. He added that there is ideological alignment between the Sahus and the BJP. He added there is a strong feeling in the community that Tamradhwaj could be the chief minister if the Congress comes to power.

We feel Sahus will vote for us. Ritesh Mishra Hindustan Times, Raipur. Thank you for subscribing to our daily newsletter. Covid cases breach 12,mark, death toll at Covid outbreak: It took the world 13 days to get its second million. Hoax circulates that India has outlawed social media posts on Covid Could virus have silently infected far more than reported, asks study. Bajaj-KTM planning to storm electric moped segment in India.

Salman Khan schools lockdown violators in new video. Australia looks for unified schools policy in coronavirus shutdown.Kurmi are highly respected tribe among the Har-Mitan social civilization. Kurmi is known as the chief ancient agricultural caste of India. Kshatriyas turned to farming or agriculture are known as Kurmis. As per ancient Hindu texts, agriculture is permissible to Kshatriyas under special circumstances [ 1 ] Laws of Manu, Chapter X, Verses 90, 95, [ 1 ] in the absence of opportunities in the military and feudal apparatus of a righteous Aryan king.

Indeed, the service in the army of an unrighteous, or a 'Yavana', or a 'Maleccha', king was the biggest imaginable anathema for a conscientious and observant Vedic Kshatriya in ancient India.

A Vedic Kshatriya was not a mercenary soldier but a defender of faith and righteous order dharma. Craddock remarked: to the outside world the Kunbi is regarded as the embodiment of the agriculturist and the term Kunbi and become the generic name for professional cultivator.

He is certainly a most plodding. Patient mortal with a cat-like affection for his land. Some of the more intelligent and effluent of the caste, who have risen to be among the most prosperous member of the community, are as shrewd men of business in their way as any section of the people, though lacking in education.

Population of Uttar Pradesh (2020)

But of the general body of the kunbi caste it is true to say that in the matter of enterprise, a capacity to hold their own with the money-lender, determination to improve their standard of comfort or their style of agriculture……. People from the Kurmi known as Kunbi also, community in India belongs to a sub-caste of the Kshatriya Varna.

The word 'kunabi' is a generic term equivalent to farmer in English.

kurmi population in up

Luv's successors came to known as lavyas who settled in Kashmir and later moved towards other parts of the country mentioned below. Successors of Kush came to be known as Kushwahas. Kurmis then known as patildars used to be governing bodies patildars in Gujrat, Maharashtra, South India, Sindh, Kashmir, eastern Afghanistan plains, Indus valley and parts of Pakistan before invasion of Aryans.

Then were owners of land and gave that for farming in 'pattas'. History indicates that Kunbi also called Kurmi and are original native of India they originated and lived here. The physical appearance of the Kurmis tends to support the view of their Kshatriya Origin. According to the Revd. Colonel Edward Tuite Dalton regards them as the descendants of some of the earliest Aryan Colonists - a brown tawny coloured people, of an average height, well proportioned and with [fair] amount of good looks.

They show well-shaped heads and high features and except when they have obviously intermixed with aborigines, they are unquestionable Aryans in looks. Grey eyes and brownish hair are sometimes met with amongst them.

In other words, those who are not Kurmi are not able, incompetent or without power to act. Examples of the usage of the word in Sanskrit are from the Ramayana:.

Valmiki Ramayana, Book 6, Sarga 1. Kurmi also present in the east as well as southern India. They are relatively prosperous and educated, forward thinking, but conscious and rooted to farming and trading also.

Etymologically, the words, Kunbi are generally considered a derivative of the word Kurmi. Kurmis constitute around sixteen percentage of the total population of India. That is the reason why Tukaram calls himself a Sudra.Uttar Pradesh Latest News and Updates. Details about the population of Uttar Pradesh based on India Census Uttar Pradesh district wise population, population based on religion in Uttar Pradesh.

Get complete demographics about Uttar Pradesh. Population Total -Uttar Pradesh UP, is the most populous state in the Republic of India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world.

The densely populated state, located in the northern region of the Indian subcontinent, has over million inhabitants. Lucknow is the capital city of Uttar Pradesh. The main ethnic group is the Hindi people, forming the demographic plurality. As per census, Dalits constitute P population.

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Sarai Kurmi Population - Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh

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But one particular OBC, critics say, is more equal than others: the chief minister's own caste, the Yadavs. Instead, it turned into Yadav-bashing as Kurmi leaders decried the benefits heaped on the Yadavs. The Kurmis' frustration is not surprising. As a caste they are as prosperous as the Yadavs, but census figures put them at a disadvantage when it comes to cornering quotas. Constituting about 9 per cent of Uttar Pradesh's population, the Kurmis make up just 24 per cent of the state's OBCs, while the Yadavs, forming 15 per cent of the state's population, make up 40 per cent of the state's OBC population.

Kurmi leaders, however, contend these figures are manipulated. The Yadavs, they argue, all bear the surname Yadav, while the Kurmis - known as they are by their sub-castes such as Verma, Patel and Gangwar - do not enjoy that advantage. It was not surprising therefore that last fortnight's all party rally sought to establish Kurmi identity with the slogan, " Upjati chhodo, Patel jodo " Drop the sub-caste, write Patel.

Despite the party high command's disapproval of the rally and the absence of any prominent party leader, the turnout was impressive. The Kurmis' new-found aggressiveness can hardly be taken lightly by Mulayam.

Besides, the BSP too has been trying to woo the Kurmis. If more and more backward castes who share the alienation decide to join hands against Mulayam, the chickens hatched by Yadavisation could well be coming home to roost. Sonelal Patel at the rally: New-found aggressiveness. Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app.

Download from. Post your comment. Do You Like This Story? Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn't like in the comments.The Kurmi are a large peasant community of farmers widely distributed in the states of Uttar Pradesh more than 5 millionBihar, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab and Assam. Successive waves of land reform legislation all over India since the s abolished the landlord system which enabled the cultivating caste of Kurmi, who were tenant farmers, into a landowning caste.

Among the Kurmi there are also businessmen, government servants at various levels, engineers, doctors and defense personnel. In Delhi they are mainly engaged as industrial workers, daily-wage laborers or are self-employed, running shops or dairies. Some authors attempt to trace the divine origin of the Kurmi from the tortoise kurm — believed to be an incarnation of Vishnu. These authors further relate the Kurmi to the gods Rama and Indra, the established symbols of the Kshatriya second level in caste hierarchy and thereby attempt to claim a higher caste origin.

They are believed to be the direct descendants of the earliest Aryan tribes. The Kurmi genealogists and historians maintain that the Kurmi are divided into more than sub-castes. The more rational view is that the Kurmi have eleven main divisions and these are endogamous, i. Some Kurmi are distinguished by the regions from which they hail. This provides them many benefits such as quotas in government jobs and development schemes, reserved seats in medical and engineering colleges, all of which are intended to assist them in improving their lives.

The Kurmi are farmers except in Punjab where they are a landless community who mainly work as gardeners for private and government institutions. Some are sharecroppers, rear buffalo such as those in Bihar, while a few poorer Kurmi work as farm laborers. These days they can be found in all professions including politics, films, medicine, law, administrative services, and business as well as the traditional occupation of agriculture.

Caste Wise Population In Uttar Pradesh 2017 | Up Religion Wise Population

In Delhi they are employed as industrial workers, daily-wage labourers or are self-employed and own shops or dairies. These are a progressive community who make good use of the benefits provided by the government. The Kurmi of Bihar in particular have improved their circumstances and are doing well in better paying jobs, as professionals and in government bureaucracy and are now part of the middle class.

They have taken advantage of loans to purchase time saving implements and changed the way they farm, using new technology for improved efficiency. They still use indigenous medicine as well as visiting clinics. Family planning is becoming more acceptable as well as formal education for their children.

Children of the poor Kurmi are less fortunate. The staple food consists of meat, wheat, rice and pulses. They eat seasonal vegetables, fruit, milk and dairy products.

Alcoholic drinks are socially prohibited; nevertheless some of them are addicted to alcohol. Marriages are usually governed by the rule of sub-group endogamy and clan exogamy. The trend is changing, extending marital restrictions by considering the entire Kurmi community as an endogamous group. Marriages are arranged by elders of the families.Kurmi is a Hindu cultivator caste of the eastern Gangetic plain in northern India.

There are several lateth century theories of the etymology of Kurmi. According to Jogendra Nath Bhattacharyathe word may be derived from an Indian tribal language, or be a Sanskrit compound term krishi karmi"agriculturalist.

Records from the time indicate that within western Biharthe Kurmis had cultivated an alliance with the ruling Ujjainiya Rajputs. Many leaders of the Kurmi community fought side by side with the Ujjainiya king, Kunwar Dhir when he rebelled against the Mughals in With the continued waning of Mughal rule in the early 18th century, the Indian subcontinent 's hinterland dwellers, many of whom were armed and nomadic, began to appear more frequently in settled areas and interact with townspeople and agriculturists.

During much of this time, non-elite tillers and pastoralists, such as the Kurmi, were part of a social spectrum that blended only indistinctly into the elite landowning classes at one end, and the menial or ritually polluting classes at the other. The Kurmi were famed as market gardeners. Whereas the majority of cultivators manured only the lands immediately around the village and used these lands for growing food grains, Kurmis avoided using animal dung for fuel and manured the poorer lands farther from the village the manjha.

They were able, therefore, to grow valuable market crops such as potatoes, melons and tobacco immediately around the village, sow fine grains in the manjhaand restrict the poor millet subsistence crops to the periphery. A network of ganjs fixed rural markets and Kurmi or Kacchi settlements could transform a local economy within a year or two.

Cross-cultural influences were felt also. Rajputs of Awadh, who along with brahmans constituted the main beneficiaries of what historian Richard Barnett characterizes as "Asaf's permissive program of social mobility," were not willing to let that mobility reach beyond certain arbitrary socio-cultural boundaries.

The divergent claims to status in the nineteenth century and earlier illustrate the point that for non-Muslims, while varna was generally accepted as the basis for identity, on the whole little agreement prevailed with respect to the place of the individual and the jati within a varna hierarchy.

Although the free peasant farm was the mainstay of farming in many parts of north India in the 18th century, in some regions, a combination of climatic, political, and demographic factors led to the increased dependence of peasant cultivators such as the Kurmi.

In the first half of the nineteenth century, economic pressures on the large landowning classes increased noticeably.

kurmi population in up

In some instances these were attempts to stave off decline by reinvigorating or intensifying existing forms of customary service.

Elsewhere these were wholly novel demands, many being imposed on 'clean' tillers and cattle-keepers like the Ram- and Krishna-loving Koeris, Kurmis and Ahirs In either case, these calls were buttressed with appeals to Sanskritic varna theory and Brahmanical caste convention. The elite landowning classes, such as Rajputs and Bhumiharsnow sought to present themselves as flagbearers of the ancient Hindu tradition.

The map of the prevailing "races" of India now discredited based on the Census of British India. Another ethnographic print from showing a Kurmi family employing its beasts of burden to thresh wheat. The second half of the nineteenth century also largely overlapped with the coming of age of ethnology—interpreted then as the science of race—in the study of societies the world over.

Those like Sir William Hunteras well as the key figures of H. Their great rivals were the material or occupational theorists led by the ethnographer and folklorist William Crooke —author of one of the most widely read provincial Castes and Tribes surveys, and such other influential scholar-officials as Denzil Ibbetson and E.

kurmi population in up

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